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Martin Wieser

Studied Psychology and Philosophy at the University of Vienna and the Freie Universität Berlin. Research focuses on the history and philosophy of science and its political, technological and sociocultural implications, especially in the history of Western Psychology. Further research interests include Culture Psychology, Critical Psychology and Media studies.

Ph.D. Project Poster

Research Project: Pictures of the Soul Machine. On the Genealogy of Psychomechanics

Rising at the interception point of western science, technology and culture history, academic psychology bound itself repeatedly to a discourse which here is referred to as Psychomechanics. It is characterized by a transparent and controllable machine-model of the mind, which changed its terminology and delineation synchronously to the technological turnovers in the 19th and 20th century. The technological Innovations of the steam engine, the photo-, tele- and holograph and the rise of electronical and computer devices gave decisive impulses for the dominant metaphors for the measurement of mental acts and processes in the theory of western psychology.

The psychological pictures, models and diagrams of the mind reflect the history of the industrialized western society, the desire for a machine-supported subjugation of nature, in which a techno-political utopia of a controllable and governable man-machine can be detected as a decisive factor for the repeated success of the Psychomechanic. Analysing the entanglement of scientific social disciplinarization and mastery of nature, this project aims to expose the political implications of the diagrammatically visualized machine-metaphors of the mind. The mechanical image of the mind always structures spheres of activity and normativity, in this respect this project can be centered to around the questions: Which psycho-logical normativities are operated (and set as evident) by Psychomechanics and which political imperatives are attended to by the metaphor of the soul machine?



Wieser, M. (2014). Remembering the “lens”: Visual transformations of a concept from Heider to Brunswik. History of Psychology, 17(2), 83-104. [Opens external link in new windowLink]

Wieser, M. & Slunecko, T. (2014). Cybernetics, Radical behaviorism, Cultural Psychology, Cultural-historical Psychology. In T. Teo (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology. New York: Springer.

Wieser, M. (2013a). From the eel to the ego. Psychoanalysis and the remnants of Freud's early scientific practice. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences.  49(3), 259-280 [Link]

Wieser, M. (2013b). Wissenschaftsgeschichte als historische Psychologie. In G. Jüttemann (Hg.). Die Entwicklungspsychologie der Menschheit (S. 189-199). Lengerich: Pabst.[Link]

Wieser, M. & Slunecko, T. (2013). Images of the invisible. An account of iconic media in the history of psychology. Theory & Psychology, 23(4), 435-457. [Link]

Wieser, M. & Slunecko, T. (2013). (Theories are) More than words. Why images are significant to theoretical psychology. In A. Marvakis, J.  Motzkau, D. Painter, R. Ruto-Korir, G. Sullivan, S. Triliva, & M. Wieser (Hg.). (2013). Doing Psychology under new conditions (S. 209-306). Concord, ON: Captus Press.

Wieser, M. (2012). Das Unbehagen in der Psychologie. Malmoe, 60, 24. [Link]

Wieser, M. (2011). Geregeltes Denken & gesteuertes Fühlen: Das kybernetische Prozessdiagramm als Modell eines normalisierten >homo communicans<. Bild Wissen Technik, 1. [Link]

Slunecko, T. & Wieser, M. (2011). Wundt meets Hegel? Anmerkungen zur ,Historischen Psychologie‘ Gerd Jüttemanns. Erwägen-Wissen-Ethik, 22(1), 88-91.

Wieser, M. (2010a). Von reizbaren Maschinen und empfindsamen Geistern. Körperbilder und Seelenmetaphern im Zeitalter von Aufklärung und Industrialisierung. Journal für Psychologie, 18(3). [Link]

Wieser, M. (2010b). Protest 2.0: Medientheoretische und gesellschaftskritische Aspekte der Protestbewegung >Uni brennt<. Psychologie und Gesellschaftskritik, 132-133, 9-23

DK Program The Sciences in Historical, Philosophical and Cultural Contexts
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