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Anna Lindemann

Anna Lindemann studied literature, history and philosophy at the University of Bielefeld and completed a thesis about the historical concept and aesthetics of romantic love. She is also the 2011 recipient of the Bader Prize for the History of the Natural Sciences (one of several Bader Prize winners affiliated with the DK).

Anna Lindemann is currently a Junior Fellow at the IFK

Research Project: Freud’s Development from a Naturalist to a Physician: his neuroanatomical and psychopharmacological research in its scientific and medical environment (1877-1891)

My project is devoted to investigating Freud as a scientist with a specific interest in his scientific methodology, including: Freud’s objects of research in theoretical, methodical and therapeutic context; his basic assumptions and presuppositions and their origin and influence on observation and interpretation; Freud’s methods of observation and interpretation and his formation and modification of theory.

By analysing and comparing Freud’s research with that of other contemporary scientists I will shed light on the scientific programmes and communities which Freud entered, especially with his neuroanatomical papers and with his writings on cocaine. I will also reveal the standards and manifestations of contemporary natural scientific and clinical research and aspects of Freud’s scientific practise, like originality, probity and handling of criticism. The discussion will address such issues as the connection between Freud and Wilhelm Wundt and Emil Kraepelin, who at the same time undertook psychopharmacological studies in Wundt’s laboratory and who, like Freud, modelled on Sigmund Exner. I will also examine the question of whether or not Freud was just a product of different scientific programmes, or did actually develop unique approaches in his scientific thinking and techniques. For example, what does Freud’s earliest theory of the mind reveal about Freud’s scientific connections and his own shift from nerve cells to the mind?

By comparing Freud’s cocaine studies with his neuroanatomical research I will end by identifying fundamental alterations and unexpected continuities in Freud’s scientific development.


1. Lindemann, A. (2012). Euripides Medea und die stoische Affektlehre. Arcadia. International Journal of Literary Studies, Heft 1 (Jul 2012), 1-15.

2. Lindemann, A. (2010). Ästhetik und Konzeption einer romantischen Liebe. Karoline von Günderrode und Friedrich Creuzer. Wien: SFU Verlag.

3. Lindemann, A. (2006). Hamlet ‘in and out’ oder: Wie Hamlet und Grabbes Faust im Theater ihres Geistes spielen. Arcadia. International Journal of Literary  Studies, 41 (1), 160-187.

DK Program The Sciences in Historical, Philosophical and Cultural Contexts
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